As a sport, hunting involves the seeking, pursuing and killing of wild animals and birds, called game and game birds, primarily with hunting rifles such as firearms and bow and arrows.

It is generally accepted that hunting is only allowed during the months of the year that do not include the letter 'r' in the name, e.g., May, June, July, and August. Different hunting seasons apply in some provinces for various species of game and game birds. Restrictions may also apply to the hunting of male and female animals of certain species.

A hunting permit and/or a licence is required in all provinces. Different terms and conditions for hunting are applicable for each permit and/or licence per province. Some provinces do not require a hunting permit to hunt on exempted farms, while other provinces require licences or permits even if the landowner has been exempted from the regulations for certain species.

Credit: Britannica, SA Hunters and Game Conservation Association